Kakinada is a city and municipal corporation in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located 65 kilometres (40 mi) away from Rajahmundry. It is the headquarters and largest city of East Godavari district The city has a population of 376,861 in 2011 it the 12th largest city by area and 8th largest by population in Andhra Pradesh. Its literacy rate was 81.23 percent—84.88 percent for men and 77.76 percent for women. Kakinada covers an area of 192.3 square kilometres (74.2 sq mi).Kakinada is part of a Special Economic Zone and a proposed Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Region (PCPIR).
Kakinada is located at 16.93°N 82.22°E. The 82-degrees east longitude passes through the city. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 ft), and many areas of the city are below sea level. The city has a rough north-south orientation in a long, narrow strip parallel to the coast. The average width of the city is about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi), and it is about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) long.
The city consists of two regions, connected by bridges. The southern part, Jagannathapuram, is separated from the rest of the city by the Buckingham Canal. The canal and its branches form Medaline Island, which abuts the city in the southwest. During the colonisation of the Dutch Coromandel coast, the Dutch East India Company maintained a trading post known as Jaggernaikpoeram or Jaggernaickpuram (among other spellings) to the English.
The northern area of Kakinada is the more modern part of the city, with its recent extension. An industrial belt, running north–south the length of the city, separates the eastern part from the coast. Kakinada is bordered on the southeast by Kakinada Bay and a marshy wetland, home to India's second largestmangrove forest and the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. A branch of the Godavari River, the Gouthami, flows into the Bay of Bengal at this point.